by Aviationer || Category: Airlines, Regulations
The freedoms of the air are a set of rights signed between countries, which grants the right to overfly an airspace and/or to land in those countries (bilateral treaties). There are 9 different freedoms, depending on the kind of flight. All these rules were defined in 1944 during the International Civil Aviation Convention in Chicago.
The right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services,…
1st.- …granted by one State to another State or States to fly across its territory without landing.
2nd.- …granted by one State to another State or States to land in its territory for non-traffic purposes
3rd.- …granted by one State to another State to put down, in the territory of the first State, traffic coming from the home State of the carrier
4th.- …granted by one State to another State to take on, in the territory of the first State, traffic destined for the home State of the carrier
5th.- …granted by one State to another State to put down and to take on, in the territory of the first State, traffic coming from or destined to a third State
6th.- …via the home State of the carrier, traffic moving between two other States
7th.- …granted by one State to another State, of transporting traffic between the territory of the granting State and any third State with no requirement to include on such operation any point in the territory of the recipient State
8th.- …of transporting cabotage traffic between two points in the territory of the granting State on a service which originates or terminates in the home country of the foreign carrier or (in connection with the so-called Seventh Freedom of the Air) outside the territory of the granting State (consecutive cabotage)
9th.- …of transporting cabotage traffic of the granting State on a service performed entirely within the territory of the granting State (stand alone cabotage)
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